Summary Bottom Line Report  |  Full Bottom Line Report


At a Glance

  • An annual investment of $166 billion for highways and bridges, between 2010 and 2015, is necessary to improve the condition and performance of the system, given an expected rate of travel growth of 1.4 percent per year.

  • If travel growth is held to about 1.0 percent a year, which would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, then needed investment to improve the highway system would come to $132 billion per year.

  • In 2006, highway capital investment from all levels of government totaled
    $78.7 billion, according to FHWA.

  • An annual investment of $46 billion for public transportation is necessary to improve system performance and condition, given an expected 2.4 percent annual growth in ridership.

  • If transit ridership growth rises to 3.5 percent, the level that would double ridership in 20 years which would also be helpful in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, investment in public transportation would have to increase to $59 billion per year.

  • In 2006, transit capital investment from all levels of government totaled $13.3 billion, according to APTA.

  • The model-based investment estimates do not currently address all needs. Additional
    annual highway requirements total over $13 billion, including: More than $7 billion in environmental mitigation costs; $2.6 billion in highway operations costs; $1.2 billion in safety program costs; and $1.6 billion in highway security costs.

  • Between 1995 and 2006, highway travel, measured in vehicle miles traveled (VMT), increased from 2.4 trillion to 3 trillion. By late 2008, because of high fuel prices and the economic downturn, VMT had declined to 2.9 trillion.

  • In 2006, the value of freight transported in America was $15 trillion. Freight volumes are expected to grow by 80 percent by 2035.

  • In 2006, annual passenger miles traveled on America’s public transportation system reached 52.15 billion. Between 1995 and 2007, transit ridership increased from 7.8 billion to 10.3 billion trips.

  • Between 1980 and 2005, international container traffic through United States ports grew six-fold. In 2006, 42 million containers were shipped. By 2020, the number of containers moving through our ports could reach over 100 million.

  • The travel and tourism industry generated $700 billion in 2006. It is the number one industry in three states, and is in the top ten in all but two states.

  • 13 million people, about 10 percent of the nation’s work force, are employed in
    transportation jobs

  • Each billion dollars of federal highway construction investment supports nearly
    35,000 jobs.

  • Since 1950, when our nation had 150 million people, our population has doubled to 305 million and our road system has grown by 20 percent from 3.3 million miles to 4 million miles. Over the next 50 years our population is expected to grow by another 150 million.

  • The number of motor vehicles in the United States has increased from around 65 million in the mid-1950s to more than 240 million today. Those vehicles traveled about 500 billion miles per year in 1950 and now travel approximately 3 trillion miles.

  • While overall population grew by 5 percent from the year 2000 to 2005, the population
    over 55
    grew by 13 percent to 67 million.

  • Over 41,000 people died on the nation’s highways in 2007.


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